WSU Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Thursday, April 19, 2018

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Search results on 04/19/18

7826. Zuzel, J.F., J.L. Pikul, and P.E. Rasmussen. 1990. Tillage and fertilizer effects on water infiltration.. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 54:205-208.
Tillage and fertilization practices affect water infiltration. A long-term study at Pendleton, OR compared three tillages (plow, disk, and sweep) since 1940, and two rates of N (45 and 180 kg/ha) since 1962. Infiltration rates for plow, disk, and sweep were 17, 14, and 16 mm/h, respectively. Rates for the low and high nitrogen were 9 and 22 mm/h respectively. Results also indicate that surface sealing and soil frost are probably more important than tillage pans for infiltration. Residue cover eliminates any tillage effect on infiltration, while fertility is important in producing more crop biomass.

8374. Peterson, G.A., E. McGee, D.G. Westfall, C.W. Wood, and L. Sherrod. 1990. Crop and soil management in dryland agroecosystems.. Technical Bull. TB90-1, Dept. of Agronomy, Colorado St. Univ., Fort Collins, CO.
A large-scale field experiment was established in 1985 at 3 eastern CO locations to examine alternatives to the traditional wheat-fallow cropping system. All new treatments used no-till instead of tillage intensive management. Rotations include wheat-fallow, wheat-corn-fallow, wheat-corn-millet-fallow, and perennial grass. After five years, the more intensive cropping was giving greater grain output, nitrogen use efficiency, and water use efficiency than the wheat-fallow system. Organic matter levels also appear to be increasing. The research is also examining each strip plot at three landscape positions: toeslope, sideslope, and summit.

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