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Sunday, July 22, 2018

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8095. Chilcott, E.C.. 1931. The relations between crop yields and precipitation in the Great Plains area. Crop rotations and tillage methods.. USDA Misc. Circ. 81, Suppl. 1, 164 pp..

10367. Rasmussen, P.E. and C.R. Rohde. 1991. Tillage, soil depth, and precipitation effects on wheat response to nitrogen.. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 55:121-124.
Wheat yield response was measured for ten crops in a wheat-fallow rotation, with N fertilizer rates ranging from 45-180 kg N/ha. Three tillages were used: moldboard plow, offset disk, and sweep. Grain yield varied with growing season precipitation (GSP). There was a trend towards higher yield with conventional tillage when GSP was above normal. The amount of N applied for optimum yield was >135 kg N/ha with above-normal GSP and <45 kg N/ha with below-normal GSP. Excess N decreased grain yield when GSP was near normal, but not when above or below. Applied N increased straw yield curvilinearly, with little influence of tillage or soil depth. Precise selection of the amount of N to apply each year was difficult because of the strong influence of GSP.

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