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Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Friday, May 25, 2018


Browse on keywords: tillage ID economics

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Search results on 05/25/18

1819. Elliott, L.F. (ed.). 1987. STEEP - Conservation concepts and accomplishments.. Washington State Univ. Publ., 662pp..
A compilation of 48 papers covering: tillage and plant maagement; erosion and runoff predictions; plant design; pest management; socio-economic; integrated systems; technology transfer for cropping systems; 22 technical notes. T: many

4827. Nelson, E.. 1908. Dry farming in Idaho. ID Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. #62.
Caldwell, ID - better sites yield 30-40 bu/ac wheat, even 60; alfalfa - several cuttings; drier sites yield 20-30 bu/ac; in Utah, 1" of rain stored in soil produces 2.5 bu wheat; summerfallow necessary; eastern WA - late spring plowing with early disking and harrowing is effective weed control; "slicker" - homemade tool in Columbia Basin to kill weeds; Subsurface packer - after plowing, increased yields in Columbia Basin 25%. Idaho soils - short on N and humus; alternate crop possibilities: milo, sorghum, field peas, alfalfa, grass; also spring emer (speltz), hulled wheat (adapted to arid conditions); WW vs. SW has 4-5 bu/ac yield advantage.

5389. Prato, T., H. Shi, R. Rhew, and M. Brusven. 1989. Soil erosion and nonpoint-source pollution control in an Idaho watershed.. J. Soil Water Cons. 44:323-328.
Offsite economic damage from cropland erosion has been estimated at between $2-6 billion. This study modelled erosion reduction, improvements in surface water quality, and impact on net returns for a watershed near Lapwai, Idaho, using a 1000 acre wheat-pea farm as the prototype. It concluded that total net farm income in the watershed increased 1.5% when average erosion was reduced to T. The study used a GIS system to model the outcomes of farm practice choices. Soil erosion was calculated with the USLE. Water quality impacts were estimated with AGNPS. Eleven resource management systems were modelled for each of the 16 farms in the watershed. The results indicate that minimum tillage with either cross-slope farming or contour farming is the most economically efficient resource management system for reducing erosion. Averaged over all farms, such a system increased annualized net returns by $1.05/ac and $1.38/ac, and reduced erosion by 5.2 T/ac/yr and 5.6 T/ac/yr for the min-til cross-slope and min-til contour systems respectively. To achieve a 70% erosion reduction (equalling 2T), no-till and permanent vegetation were the required systems. Net farm income increased 1.5% when total erosion was reduced 40%, and decreased 35% when erosion was reduced 70%. Total net farm income declined rapidly beyond 40% erosion reduction. Figure 5 shows net income versus erosion reduction.

6957. USDA. 1978. Palouse cooperative river basin study.. SCS, FS, ESCS - USDA.
Excellent summary of soil erosion problem and possible management approaches in the Palouse; extensive data on land use, soil erosion, future scenarios; history of agriculture in the area; bibliography.

11308. Coutts, G.R. and R.K. Smith. 1991. Zero Tillage Production Manual.. Manitoba-North Dakota Zero Tillage Farmers Association, Brandon, Manitoba.
The manual contains a mix of research results and grower experience with no-till management in the Northern Plains. A calendar of operations is included. In a four-year Manitoba study, average net returns per acre for no-till and minimum till were 130% and 77% higher, respectively, compared to conventional tillage.

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