WSU Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Monday, June 18, 2018

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3080. Tangren, G.V.. 1979. Subsoil bulk densities in some Whitman county small grain fields.. M.S. Thesis, Dept. of Agronomy and Soils, WSU, Pullman, WA.

5245. Pikul, J.L. and R.R. Allmaras. 1986. Physical and chemical properties of a haploxeroll after fifty years of residue management.. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 50(1):214-219.
Greater inference about the value of long-term crop residue management requires that soil chemical properties be measured together with soil physical properties. After 54 yrs of several different crop residue management treatments in a winter wheat-fallow system in the PNW, soil bulk density, saturated hydraulic conductivity, soil water desorption curves, soil organic carbon, and soil pH were all used to quantify the soil physical and chemical state. Quality of certain soil physical and chemical properties were altered. Changes in soil compaction since 1931 appear to be limited to the top 30m. However, soil compaction was greatest in the control and fall burn treatments where organic carbon addition was lowest. Crop residue management and fertilization with NH4 base fertilizer has had a marked effect on soil pH in the Ap horizon.

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