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10185. USDA Agricultural Research Service.. 1957. Grasses and legumes for forage and conservation.. Special Report ARS 22-43, USDA-ARS, Washington, D.C..
This report gives a short description of over 50 grass and legume species suitable for conservation use in various parts of the U.S. Generalized maps of adaptation are included that suggest species for the dryland cereal region of the Northwest.
2918. Idaho Agr. Expt. Sta.. 1950. Annual Report. Id Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. #280.
T: hay yields, economics
2415. Hanna, M.R., G.C. Kozub, and S. Smoliak. 1977. Forage production of sanfoin and alfalfa on dryland in mixed- and alternate-row seedings with three grasses.. Canadian J. Plant Sci. 57:61-70.
Alfalfa-grass yielded better than sanfoin grass. Sanfoin is a suitable alternative to alfalfa in parts of the prairie region, but particular attention must be paid to the selection of companion species if it is to be grown in association with a grass. Russian wild rye was the most productive companion in this study. Mixed row seedings were higher for all combinations except sanfoin-pubescent wheatgrass in alternate rows. Sanfoin does not causse bloat, but stands are generally shorter-lived than alfalfa. Pure stands of sanfoin may yield the most, but grasses will extend the life of the stand.
2527. Henderson, L.F.. 1903. Grasses and forage plants in Idaho.. ID Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. #38.
Gives a short description of various grasses and forage, and evaluates them for Idaho conditions.
3338. Jacob, I.. 1989. Grass seed industry poised for growth explosion.. Capitol Press, Salem, OR.
Growing demand for grass seed; need research on straw utilization. Oregon has doubled grass seed sales in the past 5 years.
3570. Kent, R.L.. 1957. Conservation crop rotations in the PNW.. J. Soil Water Conservation, 12(6): 269.
Experimental data and observations indicate that crop rotations with grass and legumes is needed in the wheat-pea area. Also of importance are strip croping, contour operation, stubble mulching, early seeding of winter wheat. T: comparison of OM, water loss, soil loss from virgin land and crop land.
6978. USDA Soil Conservation Service. 1938. Study of erosion controlling forage plants.. USDA - SCS, Pullman, WA.
Promising new legumes - milk vetch species, big headed clover, flat pea, siberian alfalfa, black medic, trailing birdsfoot, sanfoin, lupin, Montana goldenpea, perennial vetch. Yellow sweetclover was superior to white under drought conditions; dwarf varieties recommended in drier areas; clipping sweetclover reduced vigor, hay yield and total N per acre; Ladak the best alfalfa variety for the region.
8588. U.S.D.A.. 1948. Grass: The Yearbook of Agriculture.. U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington, D.C..
This volume is dedicated to a "permanent agriculture" and focuses on the use of perennial grasses and legumes in cropping systems. In discussing the effects of grass on soil, it is stated that organic matter accumulation occurs somewhat slowly during the first few years until a good relationship is reached among the microscopic plants and animals, the higher plants, and the higher animals that live in the soil. Following the establishment of this favorable relationship, the rate of accumulation increases rapidly for many years and then slows again. In medium textured soils of well-balanced mineral composition, it is thought that the maximum content of organic matter will be attained in several hundred years. The book contains many tables listing common and species names, management needs, and characteristics of hundreds of grasses and legumes.
10215. McClure, N.R., A.L. Hafenrichter, and J.L. Schwendiman. 1958. Grasses and legumes for conservation farming in north-central Oregon and adjacent areas.. USDA-Soil Conservation Service, Portland, OR..
This publication summarizes the findings of an on-farm plant nursery near Condon, OR, that was set up by the SCS to field test promising drought-tolerant grasses and legumes. Recommended mixtures for various purposes (hay, green manure, conservation) are listed. Yield data for four years are presented as well.
10766. Hall, M.H. (ed.). 1990. Idaho Forage Handbook. Idaho Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 547, Moscow.
This handbook provides basic information on all aspects of forage management as applicable to Idaho farms. Sections include species selection, seeding, fertilization, harvest, pest contr, feed value, and economics.