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Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Tuesday, June 19, 2018

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Search results on 06/19/18

995. Bonnett, R.K. and H.W. Hulbert. 1922. Sweet clover. Id Agr. Expt. Sta. Circular #22.
More drought tolerant than red clover or alfalfa; biennial white is best for Idaho; value for hay and soil improvement; white yields 1T more hay than yellow; quality of hay better from yellow; well adapted to alkali soils; 15 lb/ac seeding; early seeding best, without nurse crop in drier areas; peas are best nurse crop; as a green manure, is expensive, decay is slow, depletes soil moisture; need to summerfallow after SC in the drier areas.

2784. Hulbert, H.W.. 1927. Sweetclover.. ID Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. #147.
Biennial white is best forage, biennial yellow is too short; can handle alkaline soils; earlier seeding is best; 15 lb/ac seed, or 10 lb/ac in drier areas; nurse crop is risky, peas may be best; 3/4 T/ac hay first season, 2-3 T/ac second year; best used for pasture and soil improvement; can be grazed early spring through fall; improves soil quality, breaks up subsoil; sweetclover as green manure too expensive for dry areas; one system used is WW/SC planted in fall (unscarified seed) at 5 lb/ac; after wheat harvest, pastured SC into late fall; field is spring plowed and SF; then WW again, this raised WW yields 3-8 bu/ac; might try with Hubam (annual) SC.

3481. Kaiser, V.G. and A.W. Jacklin. 1939. Annual progress report for field test "effect of cropping systems".. USDA-SCS.
Better sweetclover stands when seeded alone or with grass; peas better than cereals; hi (>10 lb/ac) seeding rate leads to better stands; best seeding date April 10-May 7; more weeds in second year when grown with companion crop; sweetclover/grass mix gave greater wheat yield increase than SC alone, also had less erosion; excellent thorough study. T: Yield, erosion X agronomic management.

4921. Oien, David. no date. Black medic information packet.. Timeless Seeds, RR 3 Box 461, Conrad, MT 59425.
This packet is sent to growers who purchase seed. The seeding rate is recommended at 8-10 lb/ac, planted 1/2" deep into a firm seedbed. Field trials have indicated successful medic establishment with barley, oats, spring wheat, and flax as nurse crops, but a second year of medic growth is then necessary for adequate seed production. On-going experiments in Montana (Jim Sims, MSU) are examining several rotations: medic-cereal, sweetclover-cereal, fallow-ceral, and continuous cereal, with different nitrogen rates. Results indicate that the green manures used 1-3" more soil moisture than the other treatments. Wheat yields after medic and sweetclover (25 bu/ac) were significantly higher than all other treatments. An herbicide screening tested a number of alfalfa herbicides on black medic. Poast, Fusilade, Treflan, and Kerb did not injure medic, while paraquat, Pursuit, and 2,4-DB ester caused minor injury. Solicam provided the best overall weed control with little injury to the medic.

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