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Wednesday, September 26, 2018

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Search results on 09/26/18

2984. Jacklin, A.W.. 1940. Annual Agronomy Report. North Idaho Area. USDA - SCS, Moscow, ID.
Sweetclover well suited as a soil building crop; best to plant with a grass to reduce erosion, reducing "burning" of first grain crop, improve quality of forage; have tried slender wheat grass, blue and Canada wild type; still looking for a good species; gypsum increased tonnage of tops, shortened tap root depth. T: yield, crop performance.

995. Bonnett, R.K. and H.W. Hulbert. 1922. Sweet clover. Id Agr. Expt. Sta. Circular #22.
More drought tolerant than red clover or alfalfa; biennial white is best for Idaho; value for hay and soil improvement; white yields 1T more hay than yellow; quality of hay better from yellow; well adapted to alkali soils; 15 lb/ac seeding; early seeding best, without nurse crop in drier areas; peas are best nurse crop; as a green manure, is expensive, decay is slow, depletes soil moisture; need to summerfallow after SC in the drier areas.

1998. Fletcher, O.S.. 1923. Growing sweetclover in Latah county.. V.Kaiser papers, box 1, folder 66.
Results of a survey of farmers using sweetclover; mostly interested in summer pasture; using biennial white; need firm seedbed, 10-15 lb seed/ac, early spring planting; mixed results with a nurse crop, less winterkill when planted alone; good results from inoculation; 1-2 1/2 T hay/ac the second year; following crops showed yield increase; no problem with weediness; most stock did well on sweetclover, except horses.

2784. Hulbert, H.W.. 1927. Sweetclover.. ID Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. #147.
Biennial white is best forage, biennial yellow is too short; can handle alkaline soils; earlier seeding is best; 15 lb/ac seed, or 10 lb/ac in drier areas; nurse crop is risky, peas may be best; 3/4 T/ac hay first season, 2-3 T/ac second year; best used for pasture and soil improvement; can be grazed early spring through fall; improves soil quality, breaks up subsoil; sweetclover as green manure too expensive for dry areas; one system used is WW/SC planted in fall (unscarified seed) at 5 lb/ac; after wheat harvest, pastured SC into late fall; field is spring plowed and SF; then WW again, this raised WW yields 3-8 bu/ac; might try with Hubam (annual) SC.

3481. Kaiser, V.G. and A.W. Jacklin. 1939. Annual progress report for field test "effect of cropping systems".. USDA-SCS.
Better sweetclover stands when seeded alone or with grass; peas better than cereals; hi (>10 lb/ac) seeding rate leads to better stands; best seeding date April 10-May 7; more weeds in second year when grown with companion crop; sweetclover/grass mix gave greater wheat yield increase than SC alone, also had less erosion; excellent thorough study. T: Yield, erosion X agronomic management.

6228. Siddoway, F.H. and H.C. McKay. 1962. Tillage of sweetclover under dryland conditions.. ID Agr. Ext. Service Bull. #388 Combined Series.
Sweetclover used in 2 systems: spring grain - fallow (limited growing season, precip>14"); winter grain - fallow (precip <14", growing season adequate); 3-8 lb/ac biennial Madrid sweetclover; less weed growth after sweetclover kill than on summerfallow after wheat; sweep tillage worked well in dry years; moldboard plow was the most consistent kill; sweep left about 35% of sweetclover residue on surface; higher soil nitrates after moldboard plow; no signficant effect on soil moisture; yield correlated to soil moisture; yields 16-18 bu/ac; no control plots. T: nitrogen, soil moisture, wheat yield.

6238. Siddoway, F.H. and H.C. McKay. 1955. The establishment of sweetclover in dry land areas.. ID Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. #227, Combined series.
Best method - sweetclover drilled in alternate rows with spring grain; evaluated 14 establishment methods at Tetonia, ID. T: yields, establishment, N value.

8763. Smith, Larry. n.d.. An evaluation of green manure plowdown systems in Nex Perce County, Idaho.. unpublished results from Cooperative Extension, 1239 Idaho St., Lewiston, ID 83501.
Three growers evaluated the nitrogen benefits and economics of their use of green manure legumes prior to winter wheat production. Two farmers used Austrain winter pea, and one used a sweetclover/red clover mix. Soil tests at various stages of production indicated an increase in available N (0-3') after green manure plowdown of 60-200 lb/ac. The cost of the green manure ranged from $15-27/ac. Clover appeared to produce the most N (191 lb/ac) while winter peas returned 62-116 lb/ac. Landlords did not charge rent for the green manure year, which helped the economic viability. Residual N values indicated that fertilizer N could have been greatly reduced or eliminated for the winter wheat after plowdown. Net returns for the two-year period ranged from $95-215/ac.

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