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Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Wednesday, January 17, 2018

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10185. USDA Agricultural Research Service.. 1957. Grasses and legumes for forage and conservation.. Special Report ARS 22-43, USDA-ARS, Washington, D.C..
This report gives a short description of over 50 grass and legume species suitable for conservation use in various parts of the U.S. Generalized maps of adaptation are included that suggest species for the dryland cereal region of the Northwest.

2415. Hanna, M.R., G.C. Kozub, and S. Smoliak. 1977. Forage production of sanfoin and alfalfa on dryland in mixed- and alternate-row seedings with three grasses.. Canadian J. Plant Sci. 57:61-70.
Alfalfa-grass yielded better than sanfoin grass. Sanfoin is a suitable alternative to alfalfa in parts of the prairie region, but particular attention must be paid to the selection of companion species if it is to be grown in association with a grass. Russian wild rye was the most productive companion in this study. Mixed row seedings were higher for all combinations except sanfoin-pubescent wheatgrass in alternate rows. Sanfoin does not causse bloat, but stands are generally shorter-lived than alfalfa. Pure stands of sanfoin may yield the most, but grasses will extend the life of the stand.

2527. Henderson, L.F.. 1903. Grasses and forage plants in Idaho.. ID Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. #38.
Gives a short description of various grasses and forage, and evaluates them for Idaho conditions.

4077. Mason, J.L. and J.E. Miltimore. 1959. Increase in yield and protein content of native bluebunch wheatgrass from nitrogen fertilization.. Canadian J. Plant Sci. 39:501-504.
Native bluebunch wheatgrass in Okanagan Valley (11" precip.) showed marked response to nitrogen fertilization. Dry matter production doubled with 60N added as ammonium nitrate, protein increased from 3.9 to 6.2 %. Fertilizer also increased ground cover by the desirable grasses.

9971. Brusko, M.. 1986. Grazing through the snow.. The New Farm, May/June 1986, p.20-23..
By experimenting with cool-season pasture grasses, cattlemen are reducing their winter feed bills. In Woodruff, Utah, crested wheatgrass is successfully grazed for 60 days in the middle of winter. With fall re-growth, crested wheatgrass has a protein content of 15%. In Canada, when crested wheatgrass was grown with alfalfa, forage yields were doubled. Another promising winter forage is fourwing saltbrush (Atriplex canescens), with 12% protein. According to a USDA-ARS geneticist, basin wildrye (Elymus cinereus) has better nutritional content than crested wheatgrass in both fall and winter. Many other reports are showing that with proper management of cool-season perennials, ranchers will be able to reduce their winter feed bills.

10766. Hall, M.H. (ed.). 1990. Idaho Forage Handbook. Idaho Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 547, Moscow.
This handbook provides basic information on all aspects of forage management as applicable to Idaho farms. Sections include species selection, seeding, fertilization, harvest, pest contr, feed value, and economics.

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