WSU Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Thursday, January 18, 2018


Browse on keywords: fertility nitrogen OR

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Search results on 01/18/18

5640. Rasmussen, P.E.. 1976. Nitrogen and sulfur fertilization effects on water relations and growth of non-irrigated white wheat.. OR Agr. Exxpt. Sta. Special Report 459, p. 17.

5694. Rasmussen, P.E., D.E. Wilkins and C.L. Douglas Jr.. 1985. Annual-crop spring barley response to nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus.. OR Agr. Expt. Sta. Special Report 738, p. 33-34.
Annual cropping is often possible where annual precipitation exceeds 14 inches. It is recommended on soils less than 4 ft deep since the soil profile normally is filled by a single winter's rainfall. Rotation of winter wheat with a spring cereal is often preferred to continuous winter wheat because weed control is easier and stubble more manageable. Fertilizer needs increase sharply under annual cropping because nutrient buildup by fallowing is eliminated and competition for nutrients by residue-decomposing organisms is more intense. In this study, nitrogen, phosphorous and sulfur response by spring barley was determined for annual-crop conventional and minimum tillage.

9609. Freyman, S. and M.S. Kaldy. 1979. Relationship of soil fertility to cold hardiness of winter wheat crowns.. Can. J. Plant Science 59:853-855..
In two controlled-environment experiments, N fertilizer applied to a Dark Brown prairie soil decreased cold hardiness of winter wheat, while P applied in the absence of N had little effect. When applied together, P counteracted the effect of N and produced plants as hardy as those that had received no fertilizer. The soil was rich in K; consequently applicaton of additional amounts of this element had no effect on cold hardiness. The correlation coefficient between dry weight of crowns and cold hardiness was not significant, but that between water content and LT was highly significant.

272. Allmaras, R.R., K. Ward, P.E. Rasmussen and C.R. Rohde.. 1978. Soil acidification from long-term use of ammonium-type nitrogen fertilizers.. OR Agr. Expt. Sta. Progress Report Misc. #78-4, p.55-58.
Long term use of ammonium fertilizers has reduced pH in the plowlayer in proportion to the rate of application; no noticeable difference in 12-18 zone of soil; about 50% of the applied fertilizer was lost, perhaps by denitrification; 1 T of pure limestone raised the pH by 0.5 unit; liming to pH 6.2 improved pea growth and increased soil water storage; potential increase infiltration and reduce erosion with liming. T: pH x depth, N rate, lime requirement.

442. Anon.. June 1990. New way to reduce N losses.. The Furrow, p. 15.
Arvin Mosier, USDA-ARS at Fort Collins, CO, has developed a new nitrification inhibitor. It involves applying shellac-coated calcium carbonate crystals to the soil. The crystals react with soil moisture to form acetylene gas, which slows nitrification, and the action is a slow-release one that lasts several weeks. In tests using 20 lb/ac of crystals, the value of the nitrogen saved was 10 times the cost of treatment. A commercial process still needs to be developed. // Excessive N fertilizer can reduce the vitamin C content of some green vegetables (chard, green beans) by as much as 50%. It is mostly a dilution effect from accelerated growth.

690. Bear, F.E.. 1931. Soil management.. J. Wiley, N.Y..
A fairly complete text on soil management - fertility, tillage, organic matter, fertilizers; describes proper plow, moisture content, and depth to improve soil tilth; describes weeds as a potential cover crop; field study in England - free living N fixers input ~44 lb/ac/yr (est.). Azotobacter critical pH = 6.4.

943. Bolton, F.E.. 1988. Source and method of nitrogen fertilizer and herbicide applications in winter wheat, Moro, 1987.. Columbia Basin Agr. Res. Sta. Special Report #827, p.35.
Source and method of nitrogen fertilizer and herbicide applications in winter wheat, Moro 1987.

969. Bolton, F.E. and S. Aktan. 1978. Effects of different levels of fallow moisture on the amount and distribution of nitrate-N in the soil profile.. Columbia Basin Agr. Res. Sta. Progress Report, p.27.
Effects of different levels of fallow moisture on the amount and distribution of nitrate-N in the soil profile.

1077. Broadbent, F.E. and F.J. Stevenson. 1966. Organic matter interactions.. Agricultural anhydrous ammonia: technology and use. p. 169-197..

1657. Doughty, J.L., F.D. Cook, and F.G. Warder. 1954. Effect of cultivation on the organic matter and nitrogen of brown soils.. Canadian J. Agr. Sci. 34:406-411.
Over 14 yr of cropping, soils lost 26% of OM and 33% of total N. Only part of the N loss is accounted for by crop removal. Some N is lost by leaching, also some gaseous loss of N other than as ammonia.

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