WSU Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Wednesday, January 17, 2018

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26. Lerch, R.N., K.A. Barbarick, D.G. Westfall, R.H. Follett, T.M. McBride, and W.F. Owen. 1990. Sustainable rates of sewage sludge for dryland winter wheat production. 2. Production and income.. J. Production Agric. 3:66-71.
A sewage sludge application rate of 3 T/ac on hard red winter wheat increased gross income by an average of $45/ac/year compared to wheat grown with the typical 50-60 lb fertilizer N/ac. This was primarily due to premiums paid for higher grain protein. Grain levels of P an Zn were increased by sludge application, while levels of Cd, Ni, and Pb have remained low.

8598. Vaughan, B., D.G. Westfall, and K.A. Barbarick. 1990. Nitrogen rate and timing effects on winter wheat grain yield, grain protein, and economics.. J. Production Agric. 3:324-328.
The study compared winter wheat grain yields, protein, and economic returns associated with fall, spring, and split applications of N fertilizer at rates of 0, 20, 40, and 60 lb N/ac at 19 sites over 3 yr in eastern Colorado. Spring-applied N increased grain yields and protein more than fall- and split-applied N. About 1.2 lb N/ac fall applied were equal to 1 lb N/ac spring applied to achieve similar production. Spring-applied N was the most profitable choice.

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