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Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Monday, December 10, 2018

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Search results on 12/10/18

3288. Pan, W.L. and A.G. Hopkins. 1991. Plant development, and N and P use of winter barley. I Evidence of water stress-induced P deficiency in an eroded toposequence.. Plant Soil 135:9-19.
Winter barley was grown at three landscape positions of a representative toposequence in the Palouse region to identify soil factors which limit plant development and nutrient use efficiency in the eroded slope positions. Subsurface P was severely deficient at eroded ridgetop and sideslope positions. Drying of surface soil during the growing season prevented roots from using much surface applied P. This moisture stress-induced P deficiency suggests that deep placement of P is needed to build subsoil P levels for enhanced productivity on these eroded sites.

1987. Fireman, M.. 1945. Effect of sodium nitrate and ammonium fertilizers on the permeability of western soils.. .
Experiments on 51 western soils. Sodium nitrate reduced permeability 41-86%. Ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulfate also decreased permeability, but to a lesser extent. T; Permeability tests; variations in permeability.

3070. Tanaka, D.L. and J.K. Aase. 1989. Influence of topsoil removal and fertilizer application on spring wheat yields.. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 53:228-232.
In 3 of 5 years, soil removal treatments reduced spring wheat yields an average of 9, 28, and 45% for 0.06, 0.12, and 0.18 m soil removal treatments, respectively, over all fertilizer treatments. The data suggest that P was the most limiting nutrient and additions of N fertilizer without P resulted in small yield increases.

4377. McKay, H.C. and W.A. Moss. 1949. High protein wheat with conservation farming.. U. of Idaho Extension Bull. #181.
Emphasize need for legume - grass rotation to maintain soil productivity. Suggest a 7 yr sweet clover rotation or a 9 yr alfalfa rotation. Yellow sweet clover plus mountain bromegrass or slender wheatgrass; Ladak alfalfa plus smooth brome and big bluegrass (high rainfall) or crested wheatgrass (low rainfall); early spring seeding recommended without nurse crop; methods of establishment, plow sweetclover at 12-22" height; use sweetclover as a surface mulch to prevent erosion. T: soil moisture and sweetclover growth; wheat after sweetclover; yield and protein.

5292. Pine Creek SWCD.. 1966. 25 years of conservation progress. Annual report.. Pine Creek SWCD, Whitman Co., WA.
Lists changes in farming practices over the years; shows an example of a farmer hauling topsoil from ditches back up on eroded hills; also describes the tremendous response of Gaines wheat to N and P application, and the increased stubble residue levels.

10287. Bhatti, A.U., D.J. Mulla, and B.E. Frazier. 1991. Estimation of soil properties and wheat yields on complex eroded hills using geostatistics and thematic mapper images.. Remote Sensing Environ. 37:181-191.
Spatial variability of organic carbon, soil P, and wheat yields was measured in eastern Washington using classical statistics and geostatistics. Organic carbon content was estimated from Landsat Thematic Mapper images. Goestatistics revealed strong spatial correlations relative to classical statistics. The spatial patterns were associated with changes in surface organic matter content across the landscape resulting from extensive erosion.

10406. Pan, W.L. and A.G. Hopkins. 1991. Plant development, and N and P use of winter barley. II. Responses to tillage and N management across eroded toposequences.. Plant Soil 135:21-29.
Winter barley was grown at three landscape positions of a representative toposequence in the Palouse region. Direct drilling (no-till) into crop residues increased yields by 16% over conventional tillage at an eroded ridgetop position, despite early season growth inhibition. Tillage system had no effect on grain production at other landscape positions that featured higher overall yields. Short-term benefits of no-till systems may be most evident at slope positions where water use is most limited.

11214. Unger, P.W., W.R. Jordan, T.V. Sneed, and R.W. Jensen. 1988. Challenges in Dryland Agriculture: A Global Perspective.. Proc. Intl. Conf. on Dryland Farming, Bushland, TX, Aug. 15-19, 1988..
The proceedings consists of more than 280 scientific papers on dryland farming. Subject areas include sustainability, soil erosion, water conservation, agroclimatology, soil fertility, residue management, socioeconomic issues, environmental issues, cropping systems, and crop/livestock systems.

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