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Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Monday, June 18, 2018

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Search results on 06/18/18

2181. Gill, G.S. and W.M. Blacklow. 1984. Effect of Great Brome (Bromus diandrus Roth.) on the growth of wheat.. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 35:1-8.
Studied competition between wheat and great brome. Competition with great brome reduced the concentration of nitrogen and phosphorous in wheat shoots. The reduction suggested that great brome competed with wheat for absorption of nitrogen and phosphorous. Competition with great brome also resulted in significant reduction in the grain yield. Reduction in mass per grain was probably due to competition with great brome for water during grain-filling.

2284. Greenland, D.J.. 1971. Changes in the N status and physical condition of soils under pastures.. Soils and fertilizers, 34(3): 237-251.
In the U.S. continuous cropping with inorganic N and herbicide use results in high yields. Would such practices work in Australia or would they result in soil degredation? This paper examines the role of pastures in maintaining soil quality. The study concludes that legume pastures are needed to maintain soil fertility in wheat growing areas. This is due to the high silt/fine sand content of the soil and the relationship between organic matter polysaccharides and soil structure necessary for maintaining soil porosity and water infiltration. T: Effects of a nitrification inhibitor (N-serve) on loss of N from soils during incubation. Mean annual soil N incements in soils under pasture. Changes in N content of soil under continuous fallow-wheat pasture and pasture-wheat rotations.

6001. Russell, J.S. and C.H. Williams. 1982. Biogeochemical interactions of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus in Australian agroecosystems.. IN: J.R. Freney and I.E. Galbally (eds.). Cycling of C,N,S, and P in terrestrial/aquatic ecosystems..
An excellent review article looking at nutrient cycling and gains and losses over time under different agricultural management. Estimates that over 3 million tons C are tied up in soil organic matter additions each year in Australian farmland. SOM levels are higher now than the native condition under systems that have used a legume pasture in the rotation. There was a generally downward trend in the soil C:N over the first 25 yr of OM accumulation. A WWPP rotation slightly increased SOM, while WWWP decreased it slightly, and fallow systems decreased it significantly. Increases in SOM increased the water-stable aggregates in the soil and improved infiltration. Leguminous pastures had an acidifying effect on the underlying soil.

8689. Helyar, K.R. Z. Hochman, and J.P. Brennan. 1988. The problem of acidity in temperate area soils and its management.. Australian National Soils Conference Review Papers, p. 22-54..

8675. Dalal, R.C. and R.J. Mayer. 1986. Long-term trends in fertility of soils under continuous cultivation and cereal cropping in southern Queensland. 1. Overall changes in soil properties. Austr. J. Soil Res. 24:265-279.

10079. Cowie, A.L., R.S. Jessop, D.A. MacLeod and G.J. Davis. 1990. Effect of soil nitrate on the growth and nodulation of lupins (Lupinus angustifolius and L. albus).. Austral. J. Expt. Agric. 30:655-659..
The effect of increasing external nitrate concentration on the nodulation of Lupinus albus and L. angustifolius lines was examined in two sand culture experiments. In the first experiment four lines, three L. albus and one L. angustifolius, were grown at nitrate concentrations of 0, 2, 8, 16, and 30 mmol/L for 49 days. Increasing the nitrate concentration reduced nodule weight in all varieties to a similar extent. In a second experiment, 18 L. angustifolius lines were grown at nitrate concentrations of 2 and 8 mmol/L for 49 days. The ratio of nodule weights at the 8 and 2 mmol/L nitrate treatments varied widely, from 23 to 71%, between the lines. There appears to be potential for selection of L. angustifolius varieties able to maintain nitrogen fixation at increased levels of soil N.

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