WSU Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Tuesday, September 25, 2018

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4474. Michalson, E.L.. 1964. Machinery costs and performance data for wheat-pea farms in the P. WA Agr. Expt. Sta. Circ. #437.
T: Estimated costs for trucks and tractors. Performance and cost data for tillage, harvesting implements.

7733. Young, D.L. and W. Goldstein. 1988. How government farm programs discourage sustainable cropping systems: a U.S. case study.. How systems work: Proc. Farming Systems Research Symp. 1987.
Compares enterprise budgets for wheat production in the Palouse of a conventional systems using normal fertilizers and pesticides with a PALS rotation using black medic and limited pesticides. Costs per acre were $130 for conventional and $57 for PALS, with net returns higher for PALS under all scenarios except a high yield site with government price supports. PALS became more profitable than conventional with wheat at $3.50/bu for a high yield site and at $5.00/bu for a low yield site.

10526. Berardi, G.M.. 1977. An energy and economic analysis of conventional and organic wheat farming.. p. 439-447 In: R.C. Loehr (ed.). Food, Fertilizer, and agricultural residues. Ann Arbor Sci. Publ..
Twenty farms growing winter wheat in PA and NY were selected for study, with ten using conventional fertilizers and ten using organic fertilizers. The average profitability for the conventional farms was $59.50/ha versus $14.55 for the organic farms. Wheat production by conventional farming pracctices averaged 48% higher energy inputs and only 29% higher yields than wheat produced by organic farmers. It was primarily the use of nitrogen fertilizers that resulted in the higher total energy inputs for the conventional farms.

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