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Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Monday, January 22, 2018


Browse on keywords: economics policy

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Search results on 01/22/18

2635. Hoag, D., D. Taylor, and D. Young. 1984. Do acreage diversion programs encourage farming erodible land? A Palouse case study.. J. Soil Water Cons. 39:138-143.
Analysis shows that farming erodible class IVe land in the high rainfall zone of the Palouse generally covers variable costs of production even in the absence of USDA acreage reduction programs. The economic disincentives of USDA programs served to prevent conversion of these lands to permanent grass cover. Even under the CRP, farmers will continue to profit from farming this class of land.

8298. Young, D.L. and K.M. Painter. 1990. The normal crop acreage proposal and sustainable farming systems: hope for the future? p. 70-75.. IN: 1990 Field Day Research Report, Dept. of Agronomy & Soils, Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA.
A hypothetical economic assessment of base acreage changes and net returns was made for a 5-year period, comparing the Food Security Act provisions to those of a normal crop acreage approach. A PALS rotation was equally profitable compared with a conventional system under the FSA, but more profitable under NCA. A system based on the Don Lambert farm was least profitable. Loss of base under FSA was a significant penalty for the alternative systems.

9913. Sargent, R.L.. 1987. Wheat Outlook, 1987.. Paper presented at Ag. Outlook Conference, Pasco, WA, Feb. 27, 1987..
This paper was presented at the Agricultural Outlook Conference in Pasco, WA. It discusses the increasing world wide wheat yields and the decreasing trend of world utilization, resulting in continuously rising carryovers. Mr. Sargent projects continued rising yields and is doubtful that any significant action will occur to solve the surplus problem. He feels greater attention should be given to the demand side.

9942. Ayer, H. and N. Conklin. 1990. Economics of Ag Chemicals: Flawed methodology and a conflict of interest quagmire.. Choices, Fourth qtr. 1990, p.24,26,28,30.
In this paper, Ayer and Conklin discuss what they consider to be the flawed methodology of a paper entitled Impacts of Reduced Chemical Use on Crop Yield and Costs, by Knutson, Taylor, Penson and Smith (KTPS) of Texas A & M. Some of their complaints are that the paper does not consider a price-induced substitution for commercial nitrogen fertilizers, it does not account for the conservation practices that would be induced, it freezes imports to a pre-chemical ban lavel, it is unrealistic and irrelevant to consider a total ban policy, and that there is the appearance of a conflict of interest due to partial funding by private industry. For these reasons, Ayer and Conklin feel the study should not be used to formulate agricultural policy regarding the use of chemicals. A rebuttal is included by the authors of the paper in question. They respond that the 140 scientists involved in the study used estimates that reflected changes in management practices, utilizing green manures where feasible and limited supplies of animal manures. They feel the model they used does allow for research to continue at the same level and they feel there is little basis to believe there will be an increase in appropriations to research. They explain that a pre-chemical ban is necessary for imports to limit flooding of the U. S. market and they dispute the charge that private funding implies "cooked" results.

10109. Young, D.L. and K.M. Painter. 1991 Feb.. Crop rotations: economic considerations and implications.. Paper presented at Farming for Profit and Stewardship (Annual Crop) Conference, Lewiston, ID.
Six crop rotations were studied for their economic implications. The rotations were winter wheat-winter wheat-spring pea (WW-WW-SP), ww-spring barley-clover (WW-SB-CL), ww-summer fallow-rapeseed, bluegrass (6 yrs) + W-P-W-B-P (3X), WW-WW-SW. The WW-SB-CL rotation incurred the lowest variable cost at $70/ac. Monoculture wheat incurred the highest variable cost at $128/ac. Under current prices and program projections, the most profitable rotations were 1) WW-SB-SP 2) WW-SB-CL 3) WW-SP. Their findings also show that Palouse farmers desire to diversify crop rotations, but economics and government programs hinder diversification. Several tables are included that show the rotations by variable costs, net costs, yields, base acreage assumptions, etc.

10455. Young, D.L. and K.M. Painter. 1990. Farm program impacts on incentives for green manure rotations.. Amer. J. Alter. Agric. 5:99-105.
This study examines the acreage reduction program (ARP) and the deficiency payment effects of the 1985 Farm Bill on the relative profitability of a low-input rotation and a grain-intensive conventional rotation in Washington state over 1986-1990. In years of low deficiency payments or high foregone returns for ARP land, the low-input green manure rotation was competitive with the conventional rotation but lost its advantage in years of low ARP costs or high deficiency payments. Long-run incentives to maintain wheat base introduced a consistent bias against the low-input green manure rotation. This study's findings strongly support strengthening base flexibility in future farm policy legislation. It is crucial, however, that these proposals include soil building green manure crops that can be grown on "flexible" base acres on ARP acres.

11165. Beus, C., D. Granatstein, and K. Painter. 1990. Prospects for sustainable agriculture in the Palouse: farmer experiences and viewpoints.. Agr. Res. Center Bull. XB1016, Washington State Univ., Pullman.
The results of interviews with 23 farmers in the Palouse region of Washington and Idaho are summarized in chapters on crop and soil management, economics and policy considerations, and social institutional factors. Farmers were chosen for their use of alternative rotations or cropping practices. The booklet illustrates some of the successful alternative practices currently used by commercial grain farmers and the economic and social motivations and consequences.

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