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26. Lerch, R.N., K.A. Barbarick, D.G. Westfall, R.H. Follett, T.M. McBride, and W.F. Owen. 1990. Sustainable rates of sewage sludge for dryland winter wheat production. 2. Production and income.. J. Production Agric. 3:66-71.
A sewage sludge application rate of 3 T/ac on hard red winter wheat increased gross income by an average of $45/ac/year compared to wheat grown with the typical 50-60 lb fertilizer N/ac. This was primarily due to premiums paid for higher grain protein. Grain levels of P an Zn were increased by sludge application, while levels of Cd, Ni, and Pb have remained low.
5181. Peterson, P.P.. 1919. Soil and climatic factors in relation to crop production on the Palouse.. ID Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. #118.
8 rotations with N, P, K trts; clear response to N - 3 bu/ac on wheat at 200 #/ac NaNo3; manure response = 6 bu/ac; wheat yielded same after potatoes and fallow than peas or corn; made the most money with wheat/oats/peas ($51/ac/yr); ave. oat yield 1916 = 70+ bu/ac, 1918 = 26 bu/ac. Wheat, oats more affected by drought than corn or potatoes; this is the first mention of statistical methods. T: fertilizer response, rotation X net return.
10070. Mahler, R.. undated. Catena management in northern Idaho.. unpublished handout for Extension agent training.
In northern Idaho, water is often not limiting to crop production. Also, nutrient use efficiency is lower than in drier areas. Where annual precipitation is <17", fall application of all N fertilizer is best. But as rainfall increases, nutrient use efficiency can be increased by applying a greater share of N in the spring. Fertility experiments have shown that growers are probably underfertilizing bottomland positions and overfertilizing slopes for maximum net return from fertilizer. Several questions need to be answered to help improve nutrient efficiency. Is the value 2.7 lb N/bu wheat linear? Research results indicate that only 2.4 lb N/bu is needed at 80-90% of maximum yield. Is residual N used as efficienctly by plants from surface layers versus subsurface layers? What is the best approach to estimating N mineralization rates in a soil? Rates in northern Idaho can vary as much as 100% depending on weather conditions.
11204. Matheson, N., B. Rusmore, J.R. Sims, M. Spengler, and E.L. Michalson. 1991. Cereal-legume cropping systems: nine farm case studies in the dryland northern plains, Canadian prairies, and intermountain Northwest.. AERO, 44 N. Last Chance Gulch, Helena, MT 59601.
The farm case studies presented in this book include details of the crop rotations, tillage, fertilization, and pest control practices used by the farms. Farms were chosen for their innovative or alternative practices. Partial budgets for each crop on each farm are presented to provide a reference point for the economic performance of alternative dryland cropping systems. Comparisons with more conventional systems are not made.