WSU Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

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Thursday, October 18, 2018

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2635. Hoag, D., D. Taylor, and D. Young. 1984. Do acreage diversion programs encourage farming erodible land? A Palouse case study.. J. Soil Water Cons. 39:138-143.
Analysis shows that farming erodible class IVe land in the high rainfall zone of the Palouse generally covers variable costs of production even in the absence of USDA acreage reduction programs. The economic disincentives of USDA programs served to prevent conversion of these lands to permanent grass cover. Even under the CRP, farmers will continue to profit from farming this class of land.

8298. Young, D.L. and K.M. Painter. 1990. The normal crop acreage proposal and sustainable farming systems: hope for the future? p. 70-75.. IN: 1990 Field Day Research Report, Dept. of Agronomy & Soils, Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA.
A hypothetical economic assessment of base acreage changes and net returns was made for a 5-year period, comparing the Food Security Act provisions to those of a normal crop acreage approach. A PALS rotation was equally profitable compared with a conventional system under the FSA, but more profitable under NCA. A system based on the Don Lambert farm was least profitable. Loss of base under FSA was a significant penalty for the alternative systems.

10109. Young, D.L. and K.M. Painter. 1991 Feb.. Crop rotations: economic considerations and implications.. Paper presented at Farming for Profit and Stewardship (Annual Crop) Conference, Lewiston, ID.
Six crop rotations were studied for their economic implications. The rotations were winter wheat-winter wheat-spring pea (WW-WW-SP), ww-spring barley-clover (WW-SB-CL), ww-summer fallow-rapeseed, bluegrass (6 yrs) + W-P-W-B-P (3X), WW-WW-SW. The WW-SB-CL rotation incurred the lowest variable cost at $70/ac. Monoculture wheat incurred the highest variable cost at $128/ac. Under current prices and program projections, the most profitable rotations were 1) WW-SB-SP 2) WW-SB-CL 3) WW-SP. Their findings also show that Palouse farmers desire to diversify crop rotations, but economics and government programs hinder diversification. Several tables are included that show the rotations by variable costs, net costs, yields, base acreage assumptions, etc.

10455. Young, D.L. and K.M. Painter. 1990. Farm program impacts on incentives for green manure rotations.. Amer. J. Alter. Agric. 5:99-105.
This study examines the acreage reduction program (ARP) and the deficiency payment effects of the 1985 Farm Bill on the relative profitability of a low-input rotation and a grain-intensive conventional rotation in Washington state over 1986-1990. In years of low deficiency payments or high foregone returns for ARP land, the low-input green manure rotation was competitive with the conventional rotation but lost its advantage in years of low ARP costs or high deficiency payments. Long-run incentives to maintain wheat base introduced a consistent bias against the low-input green manure rotation. This study's findings strongly support strengthening base flexibility in future farm policy legislation. It is crucial, however, that these proposals include soil building green manure crops that can be grown on "flexible" base acres on ARP acres.

11165. Beus, C., D. Granatstein, and K. Painter. 1990. Prospects for sustainable agriculture in the Palouse: farmer experiences and viewpoints.. Agr. Res. Center Bull. XB1016, Washington State Univ., Pullman.
The results of interviews with 23 farmers in the Palouse region of Washington and Idaho are summarized in chapters on crop and soil management, economics and policy considerations, and social institutional factors. Farmers were chosen for their use of alternative rotations or cropping practices. The booklet illustrates some of the successful alternative practices currently used by commercial grain farmers and the economic and social motivations and consequences.

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