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1819. Elliott, L.F. (ed.). 1987. STEEP - Conservation concepts and accomplishments.. Washington State Univ. Publ., 662pp..
A compilation of 48 papers covering: tillage and plant maagement; erosion and runoff predictions; plant design; pest management; socio-economic; integrated systems; technology transfer for cropping systems; 22 technical notes. T: many

3570. Kent, R.L.. 1957. Conservation crop rotations in the PNW.. J. Soil Water Conservation, 12(6): 269.
Experimental data and observations indicate that crop rotations with grass and legumes is needed in the wheat-pea area. Also of importance are strip croping, contour operation, stubble mulching, early seeding of winter wheat. T: comparison of OM, water loss, soil loss from virgin land and crop land.

4484. Michalson, E.L.. 1987. Tillage and cropping systems alternatives: Economics and productivity. p. 437-446.. IN: L.F. Elliott (ed.). STEEP - Conservation Concepts and Accomplishments. WSU Publications..
In most cases farmers would face cost increases by adopting conservation practices. This provides a rational for state/federal intervention to offset costs. The economic emphasis of soil conservation has shifted from the value of tons of soil to the farmer to the cost of tons of sediment to the public. T: Economic comparison of winter wheat/spring pea rotation with winter wheat/spring barley/spring pea rotation. Economic comparison of conventional vs. no-till on a 3000 acre summer fallow wheat farm in southwest Idaho. Estimated income above the variable costs, per yield levels.

4546. Moore, W.B. and S.F. Miller. 1987. Off-site economic impacts of soil erosion. p. 633-641.. IN: L.F. Elliott (ed.). STEEP - Conservation Concepts and Accomplishments. WSU Publications..
Per ton off-site costs for erosion are estimated at $2.81 - $5.43. On-site costs are estimated at $1.27 - $3.04 per ton. This results in an estimated total erosion cost range of $4.08 - $8.47 per ton of soil or $48.96 - $101.64 per acre with a 12 T/ac erosion rate. Off-site impacts are to: reservoir capacity/navigation; road systems; municipal/industrial water; hydroelectric power; fishery habitat; flood damage/flood control. Estimated costs would be higher if impacts to recreation, irrigation and effects of fertilizer/pesticide residues were included. T: Potential off-site erosion impacts. Economic estimates of off-site erosion impacts study.

4931. Oldenstadt, D.L., R.E. Allen, G.W. Bruehl, D.A. Dillman, and E.L. Michalson. 1982. Solutions to Environmental and Economic Problems (STEEP). Science, 217(3):904-909.
Describes one model for organizing and mobilizing scientific resources to address the highly complex and costly problem of soil erosion in the PNW. With a USDA grant to the Agr. Expt. Sta.'s in WA, OR and ID, plus supplementary state and federal funds, STEEP awards intermediate-term grants (15yr) for research in 5 areas: tillage and plant management, plant design, erosion and run-off predictions, pest management, and socioeconomics of erosion control. Most projects require collaboration across disciplines, and, sometimes, a╚ross state boundaries. Results (after 6 yrs) indicate STEEP model might be applicable to other regions and problems.

5084. Pawson, W.W. and others. 1953, Dec.. Progress report on the economics of conservation farming in the Palouse wheat-pea region.. VOL.III Effects of convervation practices on soil and water losse.

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