Browse on keywords: disease wheat fertility
Search results on 04/26/18
6359. Smiley, R., D. Wilkins, W. Uddin, S. Ott, K. Rhinhart, and S. Case. 1989. Rhizoctonia root rot of wheat and barley.. OR Agr. Expt. Sta. Special Report 840, p. 68-79..
Rhizoctonia root rot is now considered the most severe root disease of barley in the PNW. It is more important than take-all and Pythium on wheat produced in drier areas (<16" precip.). Based on long-term plots at Pendleton, different management systems are unlikely to greatly influence the biological resistance of soils to Rhizoctonia. Rotational crops susceptible to Rhizoctonia include wheat, barley, peas, chickpeas, lentils, and rapeseed. The disease is less apparent on small grains after legumes than after cereals. Rhizoctonia damage is always highest on no-till systems, but yields may not suffer due to improved water relations under conservation tillage. Australian research indicates that applications of N and P fertilizers can reduce the disease. There appear to be detrimental herbicide interactions with Rhizoctonia, particularly Glean on high pH soils. Also, the use of glyphosate increased disease incidence, perhaps by signalling the pathogens to move from the dying plants to newly seeded ones. A delay of at least 2 weeks is suggested between chem kill and planting of a new crop.
10998. Reis, E.M., R.J. Cook, and B.L. McNeal. 1982. Effect of mineral nutrition on take-all of wheat.. Phytopathology 72:224-229.
Take-all developed on significantly fewer roots when P.K. and Mg were made available to the wheat roots at twice, compared with one-half, the concentration in normal Hoagland's solution, and resulted in the greatest increase in root growth. Ca and S had no significant effect on disease or root growth. Nitrate N increased the number of roots but did not influence disease. Zn and Cu treatments each resulted in more roots and less take-all. Mn, and possibly Fe, had suppresive effects on take-all. Field tests showed disease reduction with certain of the nutrient treatments.