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9846. Stewart, R. and J. Stephens. 1910. The effect of formalin on the vitality of seed grain.. Utah Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 108, Utah State Univ., Logan, UT.
The use of formalin for the prevention of smut in wheat, oats and barley was found to be effective. However, it was also found that for greatest effectiveness and vitality of seed, some general guidelines must be followed. The best strength of solution to use is one pound of 40% strength formalin to fifty gallons of water. The seeds may be effectively and safely treated in this solution from 10 to 60 minutes. If the treated seed is thoroughly dried, it may be safely stored for at least six weeks after treatment.