WSU Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Wednesday, January 23, 2019


Browse on keywords: crop rotation wheat Australia

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Search results on 01/23/19

1466. Coventry, D.R. and J.F. Kollmorgen. 1987. An association between lime application and the incidence of take-all disease in wheat.. Aust. J. Exp. Agric., 27:695-699.
The effects of lime, deep ripping and fertilizer treatments on the occurrence of take-all symptoms in wheat. Although liming the soil increased damage by Gaeumanomyces graminis var. tritici, and perhaps other pathogens, the overall grain yields were not reduced because of the countering effect of lime promoting yield. Lime also altered the composition of grasses in pasture plots, resulting in more brome grass and barley grass. The control of take-all by crop rotations and controlling grassy weeds in pasture could be a necessary adjunct to liming if maximum yield benifits are to be obtained. Liming severely acid soils benifits the host more than the pathogen, whereas in moderately acid soils the reverse was true. The traditional rotation is a long-term clover ley pasture (5-8 yrs) with a significant component of annual grasses that host G. graminis var. tritici, followed by 2-4 years of consecutive cereal crops. This system therefore favours a build-up of inoculum of the take-all fungus and liming may therefore increase grain yield losses.

1493. Cuthbertson, E.G.. 1969. Chondrilla juncea in Australia. 2. Preplanting weed control and wheat production.. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb., 9:27-36.
Both lucerne and subterranean clover reduced skeletonweed populations significantly. The yield response comes from the temporary removal of the weed in the presowing period, rather than from the longer term reduction in weed cover. The response on plots with low weed density was not economic. Early suppression of the weed by any means increases grain yield. Critical density would be about 20% ground cover. My experience is that 30% groundcover generally warrants herbicide application. At lower densities, cultivation is more satisfactory.

5981. Rovira, A.D.. 1986. Influence of crop rotation and tillage on Rhizoctonia bare patch of wheat.. Phytopathology, 76(7):669-673.
Rhizoctonia bare patch was more severe in direct drilled wheat than in wheat sown into cultivated soil. The area of affected crop was consistently larger when wheat followed a mixed annual pasture of grasses and Medicago spp. than when wheat followed wheat, peas, or grass-free pasture of Medicago spp. All isolates of R. solani were pathogenic on wheat, barley, peas, Medicago spp., annual ryegrass, and barley grass.

10098. Reeves, T.G., A. Ellington and H.D. Brooke. 1984. Effects of lupin-wheat rotations on soil fertility, crop disease and crop yields.. Austral. J. Expt. Animal Husb. 24:595-600..
Three experiments were conducted between 1974 and 1979 in northeastern Victoria to investigate the effects of rotating wheat and sweet lupins on crop yields, soil fertility and crop diseases. The grain yield of continuous wheat was 2.58 t/ha and of continuous lupins 0.66 t/ha. Wheat, grown after a lupin crop, yielded 750 kg/ha more than wheat after wheat, and a second wheat crop, after lupins, yielded 420 kg/ha more than a third successive wheat crop. Lupins, grown after wheat, yielded 50-165% more than lupins after lupins. Grain N of wheat was significantly increased after lupins. Differences in soil mineral N were apparent ten weeks after sowing, with mean N levels of 37 and 55 kg/ha under wheat and lupins, respectively. Soil mineral N was consistently greater after lupins than after wheat. Overall, mean accretion of mineral N under lupins was 41 kg/ha/year. Lupins after lupins suffered severly from brown leaf spot, up to 63% of plants being infected compared with only 18% after wheat. Disease incidence in wheat (mainly G. graminis) increased from less than 1% in the first year of cropping, to 36% infection in year 3 of continuous wheat. When wheat was grown after lupins, disease incidence was negligible.

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