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Monday, July 23, 2018

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5483. Quayle, W.L.. 1941. Practical results from the State Experiment Farm.. WY Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 243.
The average winter wheat yield oer 23 years was decreased from 29.7 to 28.2 bu/ac when the crop followed green manure (peas, rye, or sweet clover) compared to fallow. Corn yields following green manure were equal to fallow. Under irrigation, manure increased barley yield 100%, alfalfa 83%, and sugar beet 250%.

4798. Nelson, A.L.. 1930. Methods of spring wheat tillage.. WY Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 173.
No spring wheat yield benefit was realized from having winter rye or peas as green manure in the rotation over 17 years. Some years it was observed that the green manure had not begun to decay a year after plowdown. For the first five years of the study, the pea green manure in rotation was superior to fallow preceding spring wheat. A 3-year rotation study found spring wheat to yield 23% more following dry beans compared to corn.

4807. Nelson, A.L.. 1950. Methods of tillage for winter wheat.. WY Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 300.
Fallow/winter wheat production decreased soil N by 33% in the top 6" over 35 years. Continuous cropping lost 24% of the soil N. Crop rotations using green manure every 4th year did not decrease the loss of soil N. Average winter wheat yields (bu/ac) over 34 years for 3 rotations were: oats/rye(GM)/winter wheat/corn - 12.9; oats/peas(GM)/winter wheat/corn - 12.7; fallow/winter wheat - 13.7; oats/corn/winter wheat/rye - 13.2; oats/corn/winter wheat/peas - 14.1; oats/corn/winter wheat/fallow - 13.2. It was observed that green manure took years to break down. Tillage with an eccentric one-way increased winter wheat yields 2 bu/ac over 10 years compared to plowing. The eccentric one-way conserved moisture. Continuous cropping resulted in winter wheat yields 55% of biennial yields following fallow. Soil moisture was 3-4% lower in October after continuous cropping versus fallow.

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