WSU Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Saturday, October 20, 2018

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Search results on 10/20/18

8374. Peterson, G.A., E. McGee, D.G. Westfall, C.W. Wood, and L. Sherrod. 1990. Crop and soil management in dryland agroecosystems.. Technical Bull. TB90-1, Dept. of Agronomy, Colorado St. Univ., Fort Collins, CO.
A large-scale field experiment was established in 1985 at 3 eastern CO locations to examine alternatives to the traditional wheat-fallow cropping system. All new treatments used no-till instead of tillage intensive management. Rotations include wheat-fallow, wheat-corn-fallow, wheat-corn-millet-fallow, and perennial grass. After five years, the more intensive cropping was giving greater grain output, nitrogen use efficiency, and water use efficiency than the wheat-fallow system. Organic matter levels also appear to be increasing. The research is also examining each strip plot at three landscape positions: toeslope, sideslope, and summit.

8735. Haimanot, K.. 1977. Long-term effects of crop and soil management practices on crop yield and soil chemical composition.. M.S. Thesis, Dept. of Agronomy and Soils, Washington, ST. Univ., Pullman, WA 99164-6420.
The study site was located near Dusty, WA in the intermediate rainfall zone. Cropping system treatments were run from 1952 to 1970. Thirteen different cropping systems with three N fertilizer levels were used, including continuous cropping, green manures, and fallow systems. Wheat yields in rotation using 30 lb N/ac were higher than yields in an alfalfa rotation. Wheat yields were higher after Austrian winter pea green manure than after alfalfa or sweetclover. Per acre per year crop yields were highest for fertilized, continuous cropping. Soil pH increased with sweetclover GM and decreased with N fertilizer added. Significant increases in soil organic matter occurred in rotations with alfalfa (+0.08%), on winter wheat - fallow (+0.30%), and with winter wheat - spring wheat - fallow with N (+0.26%).

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