Browse on keywords: crop rotation legume pulse crops
Search results on 09/25/18
6620. Speilman, R.S.. 1984. Nitrogen economy and agronomic evaluation of annual legume-cereal grain rotations.. M.S. Thesis, Plant and Soil Science, Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT.
Legume biomass and seed yield were best for fababean, fieldpea, and chickpea. Potential for use of legumes for hay or silage. Barley yield after legumes was comparable to barley after fallow, and better than barley after barley or wheat. N contributions to the cropping system, except for field bean, were greater for legumes than for fallow. High N fertility levels from legume N plus fertilizer N resulted in premature soil moisture depletion. Optimum rotation performance will depend on balancing nitrogen fertility with expected available moisture.
7662. Wright, A.T. and E. Coxworth. 1987. Benefits from pulses in the cropping systems of northern Canada. p. 108. IN: J.F. Power (ed.). The role of legumes in conservation tillage systems..
Investigated yield and N response in barley and wheat, 1 and 2 years after pulse crops of fababean, pea, and lentil. Overall yields were higher on fababean and field pea residues than lentils. Soil tests could not attribute yield differences among crop residues to differences in soil N levels at time of seeding. Nitrogen fertilizer equivalents for barley were 105, 85, and 50 lb N/ac for fababean, peas, and lentils. Legume residues influenced barley grain quality. In the second year following pulses, the dry matter yield, grain yield, and N uptake of wheat was 15% higher than in the continuous cereal sequence. Analysis of 3 completed rotation cycles showed that cropping sequences that included pulses were considerably more productive than the continuous cereal sequence in terms of net energy production and economic gross margin to cash costs. Field peas were the most effective first-year crop in terms of net energy production.
7786. Engel, R., L.E. Welty, R. Lockerman, J. Bergman, G. Kushnak, L. Prestbye, and J. Sims. 1987. Annual legumes and cereal grain rotations in Montana.. Montana AgResearch 4(3):1-4.
Montana researchers examined the performance of several grain legumes (dry pea, chickpea, lentil) and their effect on a subsequent barley crop. Dry pea production was the highest. A subsequent barley crop rsponded to added N fertilizer at three out of six sites. Barley yields following legumes were generally equal to or greater than yields following fallow. The annual legumes contributed to soil N and reduced the fertilizer N needed to reach maximum yield by 40-55 lb N/ac when compared to recrop barley. This translated into savings of $10-14/ac for fertilizer N.