WSU Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production

Thursday, September 20, 2018

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Search results on 09/20/18

3319. Young, D.L. and K.M. Painter. 1991. Crop rotation flexibility in the 1990 Farm Bill: Economics perspective.. Paper presented at Farming for Profit and Stewardship Conference, Lewiston, ID, Feb. 14, 1991..
Four provisions of the 1990 Farm Bill are discussed which offer growers potential for increased diversification. These are 15% mandatory unpaid flex acreage, 10% optional unpaid flex acreage, integrated farm management plan option, and modified 0/92 option. Whether these will actually provide profitable opportunities will depend upon the particular characteristics of each farm.

7733. Young, D.L. and W. Goldstein. 1988. How government farm programs discourage sustainable cropping systems: a U.S. case study.. How systems work: Proc. Farming Systems Research Symp. 1987.
Compares enterprise budgets for wheat production in the Palouse of a conventional systems using normal fertilizers and pesticides with a PALS rotation using black medic and limited pesticides. Costs per acre were $130 for conventional and $57 for PALS, with net returns higher for PALS under all scenarios except a high yield site with government price supports. PALS became more profitable than conventional with wheat at $3.50/bu for a high yield site and at $5.00/bu for a low yield site.

8298. Young, D.L. and K.M. Painter. 1990. The normal crop acreage proposal and sustainable farming systems: hope for the future? p. 70-75.. IN: 1990 Field Day Research Report, Dept. of Agronomy & Soils, Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA.
A hypothetical economic assessment of base acreage changes and net returns was made for a 5-year period, comparing the Food Security Act provisions to those of a normal crop acreage approach. A PALS rotation was equally profitable compared with a conventional system under the FSA, but more profitable under NCA. A system based on the Don Lambert farm was least profitable. Loss of base under FSA was a significant penalty for the alternative systems.

10176. Young, D.L. and K.M. Painter. 1990. Farm program impacts on incentives for green manure rotations.. Amer. J. Alt. Agr. 5:99-105.
This study examines the acreage reduction program (ARP) and the deficiency payment effects of the 1985 Farm Bill on the relative profitability of a low-input rotation and a grain-intensive conventional rotation in Washington state over 1986-1990. In years of low deficiency payments or high foregone returns for ARP land, the low-input green manure rotation was competitive with the conventional rotation but lost its advantage in years of low ARP costs or high deficiency payments. Long-run incentives to maintain wheat base introduced a consistent bias against the low-input green manure rotation. This study's findings strongly support strengthening base flexibility in future farm policy legislation. It is crucial, however, that these proposals include soil building green manure crops that can be grown on "flexible" base acres on ARP acres.

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