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Saturday, October 20, 2018

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5483. Quayle, W.L.. 1941. Practical results from the State Experiment Farm.. WY Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 243.
The average winter wheat yield oer 23 years was decreased from 29.7 to 28.2 bu/ac when the crop followed green manure (peas, rye, or sweet clover) compared to fallow. Corn yields following green manure were equal to fallow. Under irrigation, manure increased barley yield 100%, alfalfa 83%, and sugar beet 250%.

6525. Brown, P.L.. 1965. Legumes and grasses in dryland cropping systems in the Northern and Central Great Plains.. USDA-ARS Misc. Publ. No. 952.

1113. Buffum, B.C.. 1900. Alfalfa as a fertilizer and soil improver.. WY Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 44.
Five years of alfalfa in the rotation increased the yield of the following crops by 65, 108, and 55% for spring wheat, oats, and potatoes respectively.

4798. Nelson, A.L.. 1930. Methods of spring wheat tillage.. WY Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 173.
No spring wheat yield benefit was realized from having winter rye or peas as green manure in the rotation over 17 years. Some years it was observed that the green manure had not begun to decay a year after plowdown. For the first five years of the study, the pea green manure in rotation was superior to fallow preceding spring wheat. A 3-year rotation study found spring wheat to yield 23% more following dry beans compared to corn.

4807. Nelson, A.L.. 1950. Methods of tillage for winter wheat.. WY Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 300.
Fallow/winter wheat production decreased soil N by 33% in the top 6" over 35 years. Continuous cropping lost 24% of the soil N. Crop rotations using green manure every 4th year did not decrease the loss of soil N. Average winter wheat yields (bu/ac) over 34 years for 3 rotations were: oats/rye(GM)/winter wheat/corn - 12.9; oats/peas(GM)/winter wheat/corn - 12.7; fallow/winter wheat - 13.7; oats/corn/winter wheat/rye - 13.2; oats/corn/winter wheat/peas - 14.1; oats/corn/winter wheat/fallow - 13.2. It was observed that green manure took years to break down. Tillage with an eccentric one-way increased winter wheat yields 2 bu/ac over 10 years compared to plowing. The eccentric one-way conserved moisture. Continuous cropping resulted in winter wheat yields 55% of biennial yields following fallow. Soil moisture was 3-4% lower in October after continuous cropping versus fallow.

4817. Nelson, A.L.. 1933. Grasses, alfalfa, and sweetclover at the Archer Field Station.. WY Agr. Expt. Sta. Bulletin 195.
Alfalfa was not successful as a legume in rotation with cereals over 16 years. Oat yields following 2 years alfalfa were 14.7 bu/ac compared to 21.5 following corn. Alfalfa greatly depleted soil moisture.

9962. Chilcott, E.C.. 1910. A study of cultivation methods and crop rotations for the Great Plains area.. USDA Bureau of Plant Industry, Bulletin 187. 78 pp..
This paper reports the results of a four-year experiment in crop rotation and cultivation methods conducted at eleven stations in the Great Plains area. Some of the questions asked of this experiment were how can the largest average yields of corn, spring wheat, oats and barley be obtained, do moisture conservation methods pay where continuous cropping to the same crop is practiced, and can green manuring be profitably substituted for summer tillage? The results found that a 3-year rotation of corn, wheat and oats gave the most profitable returns. Continous cropping with moisture conservation methods of fall plowing and fall, winter and spring tillage did not give results to warrant its recommendation. The most highly recommended practice was that of green manuring. For greatest benefits to the soil, it was recommended to plow in a green manure crop in early season, with little summer tillage, until wheat planting time.

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