Browse on keywords: crop rotation WA weed
Search results on 09/20/18
2221. Goldstein, Walter A.. 1986. Alternative crops, rotations, and management systems for dryland farming.. Ph.D. dissertation, Agronomy and Soils, WSU.
This work covers a number of research areas, including the use of edible white lupine as an alternative crop, the use of black medic in rotation with spring peas and winter wheat (the PALS concept), performance of winter wheat as influenced by rotations, fertilization, and fumigation; rotational effects of medics; wheat interference with weeds; costs and returns of alternative systems; comparison of agronomic effects of conventional, organic, and biodynamic management. The PALS (perpetuating alternative legume system) concept was field-tested using a pea + medic - medic GM - winter wheat rotation with limited inputs of agrichemicals and tillage. This system was more economic using market prices of commodities at both a low and high yield level. With government support prices, the PALS system was competitive in the low yield situation, but not the high. Rotational effects appeared to suppress weeds in wheat with the medic compared to a continuous cereal system.
2809. Hume, L.. 1982. The long-term effects of fertilizer application and three rotations on weed communities in wheat.. Can. J. Plant Sci., 62:741-750.
The effect of fertilizer application and three rotations (continuous cropping, fallow-wheat, and fallow-wheat-wheat rotations)on the species composition of the weed community was examined using rotations that had been running for 21-22 yrs. Fertilizer application tended to reduce community differences between continuous cropping and short-term wheat-fallow rotations. With the use of 2- or 3-yr wheat-fallow rotations and herbicide application, weed problems can be minimized in southeastern Saskatchewan.
7753. Young, Frank. 1989. Integrated pest management project update.. Paper presented at WA state weed conference, Nov. 13,1989.
This paper briefly describes the IPM weed study underway near Pullman, WA. This experiment uses field size plots for several rotation, tillage, and weed control treatments. Four years of research have been completed. Generally, the yield of spring cereals has not been affected by either weed management levels or tillage systems. Yields of spring peas were 17% greater with maximum weed management compared to the minimum level. Only three of the minimum tillage systems left sufficient residue cover to meet the 30% SCS requirement. However, all reduced tillage systems left more than 30% residue during the critical winter months. Yields of peas under conservation tillage were 13% greater than with conventional tillage, indicating the ability to reduce erosion potential with this crop and not suffer a yield penalty. No-till seeding has been successful either after spring wheat or spring peas, but not after the high residue of winter wheat.
8608. Young, F.L.. 1990. IPM systems research.. unpublished handout from USDA-ARS Weed Research Unit, Pullman, WA 99164.
The IPM Weeds study near Pullman, WA uses two 3-yr crop rotations, two tillage systems, and three weed management (herbicide) levels. Spring pea average yields after 3 yr were higher with chisel plow than with moldboard plow, slightly responsive to increased weed management level, and highest with maximum weed management/chisel plow combination.
11346. Boerboom, C. and F.L. Young. 1991. Integrated crop management for cereal/legume production in the Palouse.. Technical Report 91-3, Dept. of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State Univ., Pullman.
This report summarizes six years of a field-scale integrated crop management experiment near Pullman, WA. The study focused on weed management intensity, residue levels for conservation compliance, and economic returns. Two crop rotations, two tillage systems, and three weed management levels were used. Plant diseases, insect pests, soil microbiota and earthworms were also monitored. The study will continue several more years. It took about four years for each treatment to stabilize, pointing out the need for long-term studies. Over time, the three year rotation with conservation tillage appeared most profitable and in compliance with residue levels. The low weed management level was seldom justified by weed control, yield, or profitability considerations. Moderate to high weed management were often the most profitable, although a reduction in the soil reserve of weed seeds with high management might allow periods of less intensive management in the future.