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Wednesday, December 12, 2018

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5362. Power, J.F. (ed.). 1987. The role of legumes in conservation tillage systems.. Soil Cons. Soc. Amer., Ankeny, IA. 153 pp..
Proceedings of a national conference, University of Georgia, Athens, April 27-29, 1987. Excellent reference for the use of legumes in cropping systems and their compatibility with conservation tillage. Major sections include: the need; germplasm resources; nitrogen source; insects and diseases; cropping practices; weed control; erosion and productivity; economics.

643. Baker, V.W. and I.P. Swanson. 1962. Economic effects of a grass-legume rotation in Palouse wheat-pea area.. WA Agr. Expt. Sta. Circular #183.
Farms using a grass-legume rotation show important economic advantages over other farms in comparison of 5 year data from 3 pairs of Palouse farms. T: Amount of cropland by type of crop. Average annual crop production. Cost inputs and income per cropland acre. Calculated erosion losses.

765. Benson, V., W. Goldstein, D. Young, J. Williams, and C. Jones. 1988. Impacts of cropping practices on nitrogen use and movement.. Proc. Intl. Conf. on Dryland Farming.
Conventional and PALS practices were used as inputs for the EPIC model to simulate the effects of the systems over 108 years on an Athena soil. Total erosion over 108 yr under PALS was 40% less than the conventional system. Nitrogen loss through water was 25% less under PALS than conventional. Percolation loss of N was zero for both systems. Neither system had significant increase or decrease in yields after 108 yr of erosion.

784. Bevan, R., W.W. Pawson and O.L. Brough. 1962. A comparison of cropping systems for the Washington - Idaho Palouse area.. ID Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. #390.
T: yield, production cost, net income

1819. Elliott, L.F. (ed.). 1987. STEEP - Conservation concepts and accomplishments.. Washington State Univ. Publ., 662pp..
A compilation of 48 papers covering: tillage and plant maagement; erosion and runoff predictions; plant design; pest management; socio-economic; integrated systems; technology transfer for cropping systems; 22 technical notes. T: many

1765. Dunbar, B. and D. Nielsen. 1987. White lupins as a rotation alternative with winter wheat in conservation tillage systems.. IN: J.F. Power(ed.) The role of legumes in conservation tillage systems.
Tested white lupin adaptability to irrigated and non-irrigated conditions in Colorado. Screened the crop for a number of herbicides, none of which was entirely satisfactory. All damaged or killed the lupins at rates needed to control weeds. Non-irrigated yields were about 30 bu/ac, up to 50 bu/ac with full irrigation. Lupins did not appear to utilize stored soil water at lower depths.

1979. Fielder, V.B. and P.A. Eke. 1944. . Id Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. #257.

2200. Goldstein, W.A. and Young, D.L.. 1987. An agronomic and economic comparison of a conventional and a low-input cropping system in the Palouse.. Amer. J. Alternative Agriculture 2(2):51-56.
Describes the results of Goldstein's work with the pea-medic/medic/wheat rotation in comparison with a wheat/barley/wheat/pea rotation. Variable costs for PALS were 44% of those in the conventional system. The conventional system generated higher gross returns, and higher net returns under subsidized prices, while the PALS was economically attractive at market prices.

2221. Goldstein, Walter A.. 1986. Alternative crops, rotations, and management systems for dryland farming.. Ph.D. dissertation, Agronomy and Soils, WSU.
This work covers a number of research areas, including the use of edible white lupine as an alternative crop, the use of black medic in rotation with spring peas and winter wheat (the PALS concept), performance of winter wheat as influenced by rotations, fertilization, and fumigation; rotational effects of medics; wheat interference with weeds; costs and returns of alternative systems; comparison of agronomic effects of conventional, organic, and biodynamic management. The PALS (perpetuating alternative legume system) concept was field-tested using a pea + medic - medic GM - winter wheat rotation with limited inputs of agrichemicals and tillage. This system was more economic using market prices of commodities at both a low and high yield level. With government support prices, the PALS system was competitive in the low yield situation, but not the high. Rotational effects appeared to suppress weeds in wheat with the medic compared to a continuous cereal system.

3098. Swanson, Guy. 1990. Annual production of spring wheat in Montana and the Columbia Basin. Bumper Times special edition, Jan. 31, 1990; p. 6; S. 4305 University Rd., Spokane, WA 99206.
Minimum till continuous spring wheat produced the highest net returns in a Montana study. The cost of Roundup reduced net returns in no-till, although no-till had the highest gross returns. John Rae, a WA farmer, has compared continuous no-till spring wheat with his normal winter wheat-fallow system. The continuous system has produced $350/ac more gross returns over five years in his 9" rainfall area.

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