WSU Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Areawide II Project

Wednesday, October 1, 2014

 

 
Areawide II - 2002 Apple/Pear Annual Report Table and Graphs

Table 1. Areawide II growers, acreage & varieties
APPLES
Orchard Region Main
Cultivar
Acres
A1 West Richland Gala 18
A2 Vantage Early Fuji 28
A3 Mattawa Spur Red 30
A4 Wapato Granny Smith 40
A5 Moxee Spur Red 40
A6 West Yakima Spur Red/Jonagold/
others
17
A7 Quincy Gala 16
A8 Quincy Red Delicious 25
A9 Quincy Golden Delicious 28
A10 Chelan Red Delicious 30
A11 Orondo Fuji 20
A12 Orondo Golden 20
A13 Brewster Granny Smith 40
A14 Brewster Fuji 25
A15 Bridgeport Granny Smith 25
PEARS
Orchard Region Main
Cultivar
Acres
P1 Moxee Bosc/Anjou 15
P2 Moxee Red Anjou 20
P3 Naches Bartlett 16
P4 Monitor Bosc 17
P5 Dryden Anjou 20
P6 Entiat Anjou 16

Table 2.
Average capture of CM during the first and second-generation flight periods
in pheromone and kairomone lure-baited traps at 15 apple AWII sites, 2002.
Grower Average capture in BB lure baited traps Average capture in DA lure baited traps
First generation Second generation First generation Second generation
OP NON OP OP NON OP OP NON OP OP NON OP
1 2.5 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.0 2.8 1.0
2 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 1.8 0.2 0.4
3 10.5 9.5 2.0 3.8 17.3 12.7 7.0 7.2
4 1.0 2.5 4.1 1.8 3.5 0.9 2.6 0.8
5 1.8 3.4 0.5 3.0 1.9 0.8 2.1 3.8
6 1.8 0.5 0.0 1.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0
7 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.3
8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2
10 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3
11 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.3
12 1.8 0.8 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0
13 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.1
14 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0
15 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
mean 1.5 1.3 0.6 0.8 1.7 1.2 1.2 1.0
SEM 0.68 0.64 0.29 0.30 1.14 0.83 0.48 0.51

Table 3.
Average CM per trap in pheromone
(BB) and DA traps for all blocks in 2001
and 2002
    ave moths/trap/season
    BB DA
Year Generation mean SEM mean SEM
2001 1st gen 5.6 2.15 2.9 1.15
2nd gen 1.6 0.45 2.3 0.85
Total 7.2 2.33 5.2 1.66
2002 1st gen 1.4 0.46 1.4 0.70
2nd gen 0.7 0.21 1.1 0.34
Total 2.1 0.61 2.5 1.01

 



Table 4.
Average capture of leafroller moths in standard load-baited pheromone traps at AWII sites in the first and
second generation, 2002.
GROWER Seasonal capture of OBLR moths -  standard load lures Seasonal capture of PLR moths - standard load lures
First generation Second generation First generation Second generation
OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP
1 43 27 168 202 6 9 56 42
2 5 3 27 13 0 0 0 0
3 443 499 404 442 0 0 0 0
4 6 3 15 8 210 206 210 244
5 0 1 24 1 111 165 85 149
6 0 0 6 0 234 113 217 183
7 98 106 81 61 4 2 43 55
8 204 160 87 70 148 189 99 86
9 90 176 80 62 6 5 66 33
10 28 12 9 3 6 1 15 12
11 51 72 161 286 150 104 245 231
12 11 14 31 48 130 107 448 459
13 31 1 182 47 0 0 1 0
14 180 35 347 122 0 0 2 0
15 41 23 30 24 23 5 13 13
mean 82 75 110 93 69 60 100 100
SEM 30.5 33.8 31.8 32.5 22.1 20.2 33.0 33.9


Table 5.
Average capture of leafroller moths in low load-baited pheromone traps at AWII sites in the
first and second generation, 2002.
GROWER Total OBLR moths/season low-load lures Total PLR moths/season low-load lures
First generation Second generation First generation Second generation
OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP
1 18 5 45 37 2 2 1 2
2 0 1 6 1 0 0 0 0
3 20 13 151 80 0 0 0 0
4 2 0 11 4 36 102 54 32
5 0 0 5 0 38 51 61 67
6 0 0 2 0 54 33 114 59
7 28 44 48 44 2 3 20 24
8 35 36 51 42 62 73 60 47
9 14 74 22 28 3 2 39 16
10 7 5 1 4 0 0 7 4
11 44 66 42 144 55 42 76 76
12 1 8 1 4 83 97 251 327
13 6 0 60 0 0 0 0 0
14 50 3 196 51 0 0 0 0
15 22 5 15 4 4 0 0 0
mean 16 17 44 30 23 27 46 44
SEM 4.3 6.5 14.8 10.4 7.5 9.7 17.3 21.4


Table 6.
Leafroller catches in standard and low-load lure-baited pheromone traps
for first and second generations, 2001 and 2002
    OBLR -Std.lure PLR -Std.lure OBLR -Lowload PLR -Lowload
    avg. SEM avg. SEM avg. SEM avg. SEM
2001 1st gen 56 18.8 40 13.6 5 2.1 8 3.6
2nd gen 135 29.7 36 13.1 29 13.7 3 0.8
TOTAL 191 45.9 75 25.1 34 15.5 12 4.0
2002 1st gen 79 22.4 64 14.7 17 3.8 25 6.0
2nd gen 101 22.4 100 23.2 37 9.0 45 13.5
TOTAL 180 42.2 162 34.4 54 11.6 69 18.5

 


Table 7.
Average capture of leafroller moths in AA-baited traps at AWII sites in the
first and second generations, 2002.
Grower Average LR moths/AA traps - 2002 Average LR moths/AA traps - 2001
First generation Second generation First generation Second generation
OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP
1 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0 0 0.8 0.5
2 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 3.7 4.7 5.7 2.5 3.3 2.5 14.5 18
4 0.4 2.6 4.8 2.6 2.4 3.4 8.3 2
5 0.3 0 0.6 1.9 1.1 1.4 12.8 6
6 0 0 1.3 0 2.5 0.8 4.3 1
7 0.5 0.8 0 0.3 0.8 0.3 2 2.5
8 3.3 4.8 0.3 0 5.3 2.5 5 5
9 0.2 0.4 0 0 0.3 0.3 1.3 0.8
10 0 0 0 0.3 0 0.5 0 0
11 0.3 0 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.5 3 0.8
12 0.5 0.5 0.3 0 1.8 0.3 1.3 1.5
13 0 0 0.1 0.1 0 0 0 0.3
14 0.2 0.2 3.6 0.2 3.8 1.8 1 0
15 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.5 0
mean 0.7 1 1.2 0.6 1.5 1 3.7 2.6
SEM 0.3 0.43 0.49 0.24 0.43 0.28 1.2 1.2

Table 8.
Total lacanobia moths in pheromone lure-baited traps in AWII sites in the first and
second flight periods, 2001 and 2002.
Grower Total Lacanobia in pheromone traps - 2002 Total Lacanobia in pheromone traps - 2001
First generation Second generation First generation Second generation
OP NON- OP OP NON- OP OP NON- OP OP NON- OP
1 151 29 177 146 75 119 82 26
2 197 191 157 154 192 141 269 134
3 393 309 124 65 321 384 477 631
4 342 322 387 328 478 425 622 512
5 18 669 33 490 549 529 692 716
6 251 228 166 313 158 227 198 241
7 170 432 383 453 576 1538 397 980
8 162 211 413 334 235 677 398 610
9 276 392 412 396 1389 1005 997 691
10 429 416 140 193 510 608 118 197
11 1008 1315 1295 1179 1420 2128 884 1223
12 385 787 276 730 473 1055 257 555
13 81 289 337 485 9 196 0 103
14 148 203 112 52 417 185 78 68
15 257 197 475 213 519 343 263 80
mean 285 399 326 369 488 637 382 451
SEM 60.0 82.1 77.7 74.7 106.6 148.6 77.7 94.4

 


Table 9.
The average percent damaged shoots or fruit in AWII orchards at different times
during the 2002 season
  Average percent damaged shoots (LR or LAC) or fruit (CM)
late May
Leafroller
early July
CM
early July
Lacanobia
early Aug
Leafroller
late Aug/ Sept
CM
Grower OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NONOP
1 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.00
2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3 1.80 0.20 0.00 0.30   0.00 0.20 0.60 0.00 0.00
4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.50 0.30 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.80
5 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.10 1.60 1.60 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.40
6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.00
7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 4.00   0.00
8 0.00 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.60 1.00 2.20 2.80 0.00 0.00
9 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.20 0.20 1.40 0.00 0.00
10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.60 1.40 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
11 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.80 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
12 0.00 0.40 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.40 0.00 0.40 0.10 0.00
13 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 3.20 1.20 1.80 0.60 0.00 0.00
14 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.80 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.60 0.40 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.00
mean 0.23 0.07 0.03 0.04 1.12 0.72 0.60 0.67 0.12 0.08
SEM 0.14 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.27 0.16 0.25 0.31 0.05 0.06

Table 10.
Average percent fruit and shoot damage in AWII orchards from in-season
orchard surveys, 2001 and 2002
Year Average percent shoot or fruit injury from 15 apple blocks
Late May
Leafroller
Early July
CM
Early July
LAC
Early August
Leafroller
Late Aug/Sept
CM
OP NON OP OP NON OP OP NON OP OP NON OP OP NON OP
2001 0.20 0.29 0.02 0.03 1.35 1.31 0.40 0.17 0.22 0.24
2002 0.23 0.07 0.03 0.04 1.12 0.72 0.60 0.67 0.11 0.08

 



Table 11.
Average percent fruit damage detected in bin samples
from AWII orchards, 2002
  CODLING MOTH LEAFROLLER CUTWORM
Grower OP NON OP OP NON OP OP NON OP
1 0.20 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3 0.32 0.48 0.36 0.08 0.00 0.00
4 0.12 0.24 0.04 0.00 0.44 0.08
5 0.44 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.00
6 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.12 0.00 0.16
7 0.04 0.04 0.08 0.28 0.00 0.04
8 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.44 0.00 0.00
9 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.08 0.00 0.00
10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20
11 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
12 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.08 0.20
13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
mean 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.08 0.04 0.05
SEM 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02


Table 12.
Average percent fruit damage by lepidopteran
pests from bin samples during harvest in AWII orchards,
2001 and 2002.
  Codling moth Leafroller Lacanobia
Treatment 2001 2002 2001 2002 2001 2002
OP 0.11 0.07 0.28 0.09 0.07 0.04
NON-OP 0.05 0.07 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.05

 




Table 13.
Foliar pesticide sprays for control of lepidoteran andother pests.
(one spray=one material *one date* 100 of block treated).
Grower Codling Moth Leafroller CM+LR Other Total Cost
OP NON OP OP NON OP OP NON OP OP NON OP OP NON OP OP NON OP
1 4 3 1 0 0 1 8 10 13 14 $271 $311
2 2 1 1.5 1.3 0 0 4.5 4.7 8 7 $293 $230
3 3.5 2.8 2.4 0.7 0 0 5.9 5.8 11.8 9.3 $324 $271
4 1.3 1.4 1.5 0.5 0 0 5.6 5.6 8.4 7.5 $303 $304
5 3 3 2 2 0 0 4 4 9 9 $144 $178
6 2 1 2 1 0 0 4.8 8.4 8.8 10.4 $155 $176
7 2 2 2 2 0 0 8.6 8.6 12.6 12.6 $280 $292
8 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 1 7 3 $148 $109
9 2 1 1 0 0 0 9.8 7.3 12.8 8.3 $331 $222
10 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 3 4 4 $105 $91
11 1 1 2 1 0 0 3 4 6 6 $150 $135
12 2 2 2 1 0 0 5 7 9 10 $256 $234
13 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 3 2 $96 $81
14 1 1 2 1 0 0 2 2 5 4 $147 $123
15 1.1 1 1 1 0 0 2 1 4.1 3 $114 $82
Mean 1.9 1.5 1.6 0.9 0 0.1 4.7 4.8 8.2 7.3 $208 $189
SEM 0.25 0.21 0.13 0.16 0 0.07 0.67 0.79 0.86 0.94 $22 $21

Table 14.
Average number of foliar pesticide applications and costs for AWII apple orchards,
2001 and 2002.
  Codling Moth Leafroller CM+LR Other Total Cost
OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP OP NON-OP
2001 2.3 2.3 1.4 0.9 0 0.5 5.7 6.2 9.3 9.9 $219 $250
2002 1.9 1.5 1.6 0.9 0 0.1 4.7 4.8 8.2 7.3 $208 $189

 



Table 15.
Counts of key pear pests in Areawide II pear blocks, 2002
  Psylla adults Psylla nymphs Twospotted mites Grape mealybug
Grower Treatment Number/tray
(May-Aug avg)
Number/shoot leaf
(Jun-Aug avg)
Number/lower leaf
(Aug avg)
number per minute(Aug timed search)
P1 CONV 0.09 0.03 0.21 No sample
SOFT 0.11 0.13 0.21 No sample
P2 CONV 0.12 0.04 0.13 No sample
SOFT 0.11 0.05 0.72 No sample
P3 CONV 0.21 0.07 0.03 No sample
SOFT 0.16 0.09 0 No sample
P4 CONV 0.37 0.18 0 0.52
SOFT 0.3 0.18 0 0.53
P5 CONV 0.8 0.08 0 0.23
SOFT 0.12 0.02 0 0.17
P6 CONV 1.36 0.22 0.07 0.52
SOFT 0.06 0.03 0.31 0.2

Table 16.
Codling moth catches in BB and DA-lure baited traps, 2001 & 2002
Grower Average capture in BB traps Average capture in DA traps
2002-1st gen 2001-1st gen 2002-2nd gen 2001-2nd gen 2002 1st gen 2001 1st gen 2002 2nd gen 2001 2nd gen
P1 1 0.3 1 1.3 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.5
P2 0.6 0.5 0.1 0 0 0.5 0 0.3
P3 3.6 3.8 15.3 3.3 0.8 2 0.6 0.5
P4 2.8 3.3 8.1 10.8 0.5 0.3 1.5 1.5
P5 4   2.1   0.1   0.1  
P6 10.3 1.8 0.3 5.3 1 0.5 0 0.5

 


Table 17.
Catches of OBLR and PLR moth in low-load pheromone traps, 2001 and 2002
Grower OBLR - average capture in low-load pheromone traps PLR - average capture in low-load pheromone traps
2002
1st gen
2001
1st gen
2002
2nd gen
2001
2nd gen
2002
1st gen
2001
1st gen
2002
2nd gen
2001
2nd gen
P1 0 0 32 0 91 14 269 132
P2 1 1 10 0 65 3 89 26
P3 0 0 5 0 92 21 352 44
P4 40 25 172 26 122 22 380 55
P5 3   0   31   35  
P6 53 77 7 5 10 14 26 3

Table 18.
Average number of natural enemies from beating tray samples, AWII pear orchards, 2002
  Average per tray (Jun-Aug) Total of 10
Grower Treatment Deraeocoris Campylomma Lacewings Trechnites Spiders NE classes
P1 CONV 0 0.03 0.02 0 0.06 0.11
SOFT 0 0.01 0.05 0.01 0.06 0.13
P2 CONV 0 0.01 0.03 0 0.03 0.07
SOFT 0 0 0 0 0.02 0.02
P3 CONV 0 0.07 0 0 0.03 0.12
SOFT 0 0.02 0.01 0 0.01 0.07
P4 CONV 0.01 0 0.01 0 0.02 0.07
SOFT 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.09 0.03 0.18
P5 CONV 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.15
SOFT 0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.16
P6 CONV 0.01 0 0.01 0.07 0.07 0.28
SOFT 0.05 0 0.04 0.01 0.15 0.54

Table 19.
Average percent injury to fruit at harvest, AWII blocks, 2002
Grower Treatment Psylla GMB CM LR Fruitworm
Cutworm
Box Elder
Stink bug
Lygus SJS PRM
P1 CONV 0.32 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.28
SOFT 0.16 0.00 0.08 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16
P2 CONV 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.00
SOFT 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
P3 CONV 0.28 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16
SOFT 1.92 0.00 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.08
P4 CONV 0.08 18.44 0.68 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
SOFT 0.04 33.24 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
P5 CONV 0.28 1.80 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00
SOFT 0.00 2.20 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.12 0.00 0.00 0.00
P6 CONV 0.24 1.52 0.12 0.16 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.00
SOFT 0.04 0.64 0.00 0.04 0.08 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.00
 
AVERAGES CONV 0.23 3.63 0.17 0.07 0.03 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.07
SOFT 0.36 6.01 0.07 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.00 1.54

Table 20.
Foliar pesticide applications, AWII pear orchards, 2002
   Number of applications
Orchard Treat-
ment
# apps* $/ac Agri-
Mek
OP Esteem Pyra-
mite
Sur-
round
Oil Provado/
Actara/
Assail
Ecozin Dis-
ruptors
P1 CONV 11 $182     1 1 0 5 1   2
SOFT 12 $183     2 0 2 4 0   0
P2 CONV 13.5 $423 1 1.5 0   0 5 1   3.5
SOFT 16 $432 0 0 2   2 5 0   0
P3 CONV 10 $147 1 3 0   0 4 1   5
SOFT 12 $273 0 0 2   2 3 0   0
P4 CONV 14 $351   1 2   2 5   2 1
SOFT 14 $362   0 2   2 5   2 0
P5 CONV 19 $579     0 1 3 7 1 1 2
SOFT 19 $491     2 0 2 7 0 3 0
P6 CONV 17 $329   1 1   3 7 1   2
SOFT 20 $387   0 2   3 8 0   0
Average CONV 14.1 $335 0.3 1.1 0.7 0.3 1.3 5.5 0.8 0.5 2.6
SOFT 15.5 $355 0 0 2 0 2.2 5.3 0 0.8 0
  *1 material x 1 date x 100 coverage = 1 application

Updated January 21, 2003

Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center, 1100 N Western Ave, Washington State University, Wenatchee WA 98801, 509-663-8181, Contact Us